Chinese authorities to enforce security reviews for AI services


Governments around the world are finding themselves face-to-face with questions on how to handle the swift rise of artificial intelligence (AI).

In China, local authorities announced they plan to enforce a mandatory review of generative AI services before public operation.

According to a statement on the website of the Cyberspace Administration of China — China’s internet regulator — providers of AI services have a responsibility to ensure all content is accurate, respects intellectual property (IP) and does not discriminate or endanger security.

Additionally, all AI-generated content must be clearly labeled as such.

These announcements come after one of China’s largest tech companies, Baidu, unveiled its new AI chatbot, “Ernie,” rivaling that of OpenAI’s ChatGPT in late March.

The chatbot is built from an AI-based deep learning model, Ernie, which stands for “enhanced representation through knowledge integration.” In addition to Baidu’s AI chatbot, other Chinese tech giants, like Alibaba and SenseTime, are all in the race to build out AI platforms rivaling those of Google and Microsoft.

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Like the Chinese authorities, many governments worldwide are finding their footing in dealing with the rise in AI services. 

Recently, Japan openly showed its support for OpenAI’s ChatGPT. The Japanese government said it would even consider incorporating AI technology into its governmental systems so long as privacy and cybersecurity concerns are addressed.

However, other countries are not taking as keen of a stance on this emerging technology. Italian regulators temporarily banned ChatGPT following a data breach on the platform that exposed private user data. In Canada, OpenAI faces a privacy probe after allegations of harvesting personal information.

United States President Joe Biden also recently addressed tech firms to consider the risks of AI to society, national security and the economy.

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